The ALHIS project* focuses on the archaeology and the ancient landscapes of the Final Iron Age and the Roman world in the Iberian Southeast (current region of Murcia, Spain) and aims to know the socio-political dynamics which created and transformed the landscape between the 5th and the 1st centuries BC.
During last months, the main sites of the project have been visited in order to know aspects such as their location, size and archaeological materials. Beyond this fieldwork, and taking into account all that information, a database with all the Iron Age and Roman sites of the territory have been created.
These weeks, I am integrating and analysing these data by mean of a GIS (Geographic Information System). Using the software ArcGIS, I am visualising all the sites and analysing the visual control of the main centres of the study area. Results will offer a better understanding on key questions such as territorial control and exploitation, spatial articulation and territorialities in relation with those ancient communities.
Moreover, through next days, the created database will allow me to complete these analyses, integrating all the collected data and combining information of different nature (geographical, historical, textual, material, etc.). It will be essential in order to approach crucial aspects of the project such as how landscape transformations reflected the social changes of this period and the role played by certain sites, including cult places, in the integration of local communities within the Roman world through the 2nd-1st centuries BC.
(*The ALHIS project (‘Archaeology, Landscape and Heritage in the Iberian Southeast’) is funded by the European Union (Horizon 2020) through a Marie Sklodowska-Curie Individual Fellowship and developed at the Incipit-CSIC (Spanish National Research Council)).