Oxford archaeology

Katherine Hamilton: Archiving the Past for the Future

My name is Katherine and I am the Archives Supervisor at Oxford Archaeology East based in Cambridge. My role in this part of the company is to make sure that, once a given project has been dug, recorded and written, all the paperwork and finds are filed correctly and then sent off to their final destination at the relevant archive or museum. My day to day work largely consists of putting archives onto our archive database and making sure they meet the relevant guidelines, managing our OASIS records, uploading finished reports to Oxford Archaeology’s online library and looking after the in-house library.

People often forget about archiving as part of the archaeological process, mainly I think because it isn’t deemed as exciting as actually excavating something. It certainly isn’t glamourous sitting amongst stacks of cardboard boxes trying to reorganise finds into context order or spending hours checking all the context records are there. However, if we do not archive projects then the information gathered during that project could be lost for future generations.   There are plenty of cautionary tales out there about projects from the past where the site director has stored the project archive under his or her bed for decades only for it to be lost once they have died. Thankfully these days there is much more of an awareness within archaeology of the need to make sure projects are archived and that the information gathered is available to a wider audience. Because that’s why we do this job, right? To preserve the past for the future.

A stack of finds archive boxes and a clipboard

Archive boxes as far as the eye can see

Katherine Hamilton is the Archives Supervisor at Oxford Archaeology’s East office in Cambridge. For more information about Oxford Archaeology and our digital archiving, visit our online library: http://library.thehumanjourney.net/

Charlotte Walton: The Life of an Archaeological Illustrator

Being an archaeological illustrator can be a very varied job through creating trench plans and digitising excavations to preparing figures for publication and display materials as well as drawing small finds and pottery. Often having to flick between any one of these things in one day.

I have to use a range of software including AutoCAD, QGIS and Adobe Creative Suite on a daily basis, and relish the chance to sit at the drawing board to draw some lovely pottery by hand.

At the moment I am drawing three bells from Hinxton Genome Project, one is highly decorated with diagonal lines and crucifixes.

A desk showing grapics tools for illustrating archaeological artefacts

The tools of the trade

A close-up of a sketch of a crotal bell

A close-up of my bell drawing

Recently I have been getting to grips with geomatics and learning how to set out trenches and record features on site using the GPS. I got issued with my very first set of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) and went to my first excavation (not bad for being in archaeology for nearly 10 years). The day consisted of finding my way through brambles, climbing over gates, and recording some very exciting Anglo-Saxon burials.

Charlotte Walton is an Illustrator Supervisor at Oxford Archaeology’s East office in Cambridge. For more information about Oxford Archaeology and our specialist graphics services, visit our website: http://oxfordarchaeology.com/professional-services/specialist-services/7-top-level-pages/113-archaeological-graphics

Dave Brown: Ringing in a New Era of Recording

My Job

I am a Geomatics Supervisor working in the quite newly formed Geomatics team at Oxford Archaeology East. My job has a great mix of both field and office work and often involves new forms of technology and experimental techniques and recording systems.

Over the past 5 or so years the company has changed from using primarily hand-drawn recording methods to a much more widespread use of digital recording. As a result, the divide between ongoing site work & what was traditionally post-excavation has become blurred. The Geomatics team pretty much operates within this blurred zone between field teams and graphics/post-excavation teams.

A car boot full of survey equipment

The essential tools of my trade! The car radio is permanently tuned to Planet Rock.

I enjoy the diversity of my role. On a daily basis I may travel across the Eastern Region to set out evaluation trenches or visit ongoing excavations. Or I may be inside creating trench designs or digitising site plans.

Today I am in the office catching up on my survey processing and working on some site plans for a large project recently completed in Norfolk.

One site in particular is very interesting. It has evidence of Bronze Age activity, including round structures within enclosures and remarkable post hole alignments.

A plan of archaeological features surveyed at a site

A site plan from a large project recently completed in Norfolk

The archaeological features were planned on site using Leica DGPS. Every feature was accurately planned, including all of the postholes, well over 1000 of them!

The data was sent to me & after processing I imported it into AutoCAD. I’m am currently tidying the plan and adding other data.

Archaeologists in hi-vis recording and surveying on site

The field team in action! Note GPS recording in background.

It is hard to imagine how long the process of recording all of these postholes would have taken with traditional methods.

Special Feature!- photogrammetry doesn’t quite ring true

One of the most exciting recording techniques we have recently started to use is photogrammetry. It involves taking a series of photographs which can be processed and manipulated by sophisticated software to create scaled photorealistic 3D models of objects and georeferenced orthophotos of archaeological sites (amongst other things). It means we can record sites by the use of drones even!

This technique is new to me, so one evening earlier this week, partly as a training exercise, I decided to attempt the recording of some church bells. As part of a restoration project funded by local donations and the Heritage Lottery Fund, the Nassington Bell Project will see the restoration and overhaul of the existing 5 bells and frame and the casting of a new bell.

As part of this project two out of tune bells will be recast and I thought it would be good to preserve a record of their original form. Unfortunately, the bells are 40ft up in the small, dimly lit belfry!

My helpers- Libby 9 & Owen 7, with Hilary the church Warden & Brian the tower captain

My helpers- Libby 9 & Owen 7, with Hilary the church Warden & Brian the tower captain

Having gained access to the belfry I placed markers on the bells to help the software and put up bed sheets to mask out unwanted parts of the bell frame.


Bell 4 cast in 1642 by Thomas Norris of Stamford, weighing approx.. ¼ tonne

I have run the data through the OAE’s Agisoft software overnight and I’m astonished by the results! I had to use a flash for every shot. I thought the smooth regular shape of the bell would also cause problems.


Each blue rectangle represents the position of my camera. I used only a basic digital SLR and its inbuilt flash

More processing and experimenting is required but, for a first attempt, I am quite pleased. I intend to upload the model to Sketchfab eventually to make it more freely available.


Doesn’t quite ring true- there is currently a hole in the top of the model!

The End

Thanks for making it to the end of this blog! I hope it has given you some idea of the diversity of roles and interests in archaeology. Dave

Dave Brown is a Geomatics Supervisor at Oxford Archaeology’s East office in Cambridge. For more information about Oxford Archaeology and our specialist geomatics services, visit our website: http://oxfordarchaeology.com/professional-services/specialist-services/16-oxford-archaeologys-services/fieldwork/21-geomatics

Lauren McIntyre: A Day in the Life of Heritage Burial Services, Oxford Archaeology South

My name is Lauren McIntyre and I’m a Project Officer at Heritage Burial Services, Oxford Archaeology South. Comprising a total of four full time staff, our department is responsible for dealing with archaeological human remains that are excavated by our company. This means everything from offering advice in the pre-planning stages of sites where human remains may be encountered, right through to writing up osteoarchaeological reports for publication (and everything inbetween!). We take every precaution to ensure that all human remains are treated with care and respect through the entire process. The work undertaken by our team can be extremely varied, and hopefully this post will show this as I describe what some of our staff are up to today.

Today started with a box run to our store. Human skeletons can take up a lot of space, so when we’re not analysing bones, quite often we’re transporting them between our laboratory and our store. The store currently contains several thousand skeletons from different sites! This is as well as all the other different types of finds (e.g. pottery) that are recovered from our archaeological sites. The skeletons in our warehouse might be waiting to be analysed, or in storage before they get archived at the relevant museum. The ones we’re returning today have been analysed, and we’ve also retrieved new material to start working on.

A lot of boxes on shelves in the Oxford Archaeology finds store

Part of the Oxford Archaeology Finds Store: Indiana Jones eat your heart out!

This is Mark, and today he’s simultaneously washing and conducting osteological analysis on a Roman skeletal assemblage. Most of the time, skeletons are washed by our Finds department before they come to Heritage Burial Services for analysis. However, this particular assemblage is in very poor condition – the bones quite often crumble into very small fragments as soon as they touch the water. Mark is recording age, sex, pathological information and anything else he can determine at this stage, in order to recover the maximum amount of information before the bones disintegrate. Although the bone condition is poor, tooth fragments are surviving quite well, as tooth enamel is quite a hardy material. The teeth may be sent for isotopic analysis to give us more information about the geographical origins of this population, which can help us figure out whether we’re looking at a local population or whether migrants are present.

An osteoarchaeologist sorting through small skeletal remains in a sieve over a bowl.

Osteoarchaeologist Mark Gibson, processing and assessing very fragmentary skeletal remains.

A finds tray lined with paper showing small fragments of human skeletal remains

The result of Mark’s hard work!

Alice, the third member of our team, is out on site today. As well as analysing skeletons in the laboratory, we often get called out to site to offer support to the field team. Today Alice is supervising the excavation and lifting of Anglo-Saxon skeletons at a site in Oxfordshire. The graves that these individuals are buried in are quite shallow, and a lot of the bones are in very poor condition. Alice is recording as much osteological information as she can for each of these skeletons prior to lifting, for the same reason as Mark is recording bones as he washes – we need to get as much information as possible before it is lost. This will help us to interpret and understand the population more thoroughly.

An osteoarchaeologist in a lab coat analysing an articulated skeleton and recording on a tablet

Osteoarchaeologist Alice Rose in her more usual laboratory habitat!

We also have a couple of visiting researchers working in our office. Henry Wu is a forensic odontologist who works for the Unrecovered War Casualties (UWC) investigative unit for the Australian Army and is visiting Heritage Burial Services in order to undertake research on archaeological material. Henry was introduced to us as a result of the work that Louise Loe, Head of Heritage Burials Services, has been doing for the Australian government on WWI mass graves at Fromelles, Northern France, excavated by OA in 2009. Today, Henry is researching the methods used to produce a dental prosthetic that was found with a post-medieval burial excavated by OAS. So far, he has found that the prosthetic is extremely sophisticated in terms of its construction, and would have been made specifically for the individual it was found with.

A researcher sat at his desk holding a book open and looking at the camera

Henry Wu, visiting researcher from UWC

Composite image, top, front and bottom views of a post-medieval dental prosthetic from Oxford

Composite image, top, front and bottom views of a post-medieval dental prosthetic from Oxford

Benedetta Mammi is an MSc student from Cranfield University, undertaking her dissertation research on a disarticulated post-medieval medical collection from Oxford. So far she’s examined over 2000 bone fragments! Her research questions include trying to establish the minimum number of people present in the assemblage, and also explore evidence of surgery and other medical intervention (e.g. dissection or autopsy) on the bones.

A researcher looking at disarticulated human bones at a desk

Benedetta Mammi, visiting researcher from Cranfield University

Surgical transfemoral amputation of the left thigh

Surgical transfemoral amputation of the left thigh

Finally, other than writing this post and transporting boxes to and from the store, I am writing a report for a watching brief that was conducted a few weeks ago in Buckinghamshire. I was called out to site because brick grave vaults were exposed during ground works that were being monitored by a member of the OAS field team. We needed to remove part of the brick grave structures to make way for new gas services to a local church. The necessary parts of the structures were recorded, and then carefully deconstructed by hand. Two of the brick graves were found to contain the individuals for which they were built, as well as various iron coffin fittings. The bones were left completely in situ, with limited osteological analysis being conducted via photography and visual observation of the bones. Examination of the coffin fitting designs, as well as the type of grave vaults present, strongly suggest that these are graves that were constructed in the early to mid-19th century. Once all the archaeological and osteological information was recorded, the graves were sealed back up. The individuals within these graves were disturbed as little as possible, and will now continue to rest in peace in their original burial location.

A post-medieval double burial inside a red brick grave vault

A post-medieval double burial inside a red brick grave vault

Inside a post-medieval brick grave vault

Inside a post-medieval brick grave vault

So, as you can see, the work that we undertake in Heritage Burial Services is very diverse! We all enjoy our work here (even sieving bone fragments out of mud…), and face interesting new challenges on a daily basis. It’s a great privilege to work with the physical remains of our ancestors, and use osteological data to try and further our understanding of how people lived in the past.

All photographs within this post are copyright of Oxford Archaeology.

Lauren McIntyre is a Project Officer at Oxford Archaeology’s South office in Oxford, in their Heritage Burial Services. For more information about Oxford Archaeology and our specialist burial services, visit our website: http://oxfordarchaeology.com/professional-services/specialist-services/7-top-level-pages/14-burials-archaeology

Stephen Macaulay: A Roman Villa in Somerset

As professional archaeologists we can find ourselves working on any and all types of sites, indeed some will not even have any archaeology at all, as we discover much to the delight of developer! More often than not we’ll be working on a site that has some archaeology, it’s often interesting and exciting but it’s not say ‘a Roman Villa’… there are however those occasional times when that is exactly what we are excavating… So right now we are digging a Roman Villa in Somerset.

Two archaeologists on kneelers use their trowels to reveal a mosaic at a Roman villa

Uncovering a mosaic at a Roman villa in Somerset

The summer of 2016 has seen Oxford Archaeology given the opportunity to investigate a rather nice Roman Villa in Somerset and you can see the team reveal a mosaic, probably for the dining room of the house. We have many more weeks to discover more about this site and will be returning for further work in the future… All very exciting and rather fantastic!

An archaeologist gives the thumbs up in a trench

Thumbs up from Toby

Stephen Macaulay is a Senior Project Manager at Oxford Archaeology’s East office in Cambridge. For more information about Oxford Archaeology and our fieldwork services, visit our website: http://oxfordarchaeology.com/professional-services/fieldwork

Becky Peacock: Pop-Up Museums and Outreach Preparations

I am Becky Peacock and I am a Project Officer at Oxford Archaeology. I worked as the Outreach Officer for the Westgate Project in Oxford during 2015 and 2016. The Westgate Project is a commercial redevelopment of a large shopping complex in the centre of Oxford, with clients Westgate Oxford Alliance and contractors Laing O’Rourke. The excavations are the largest ever undertaken in Oxford city. The Westgate project won the Best Archaeological Project award at the British Archaeological Awards in July this year and the outreach programme which included a Pop Up Museum, schools programme, site open days, lecture series and community collaborations were contributing factors to this achievement. It was through working on this project that I have become more involved with outreach events at our Oxford office.

An archaeologist removes soil from around a densely packed group of loomweights in a trench

The loomweights discovered at Thame, Oxfordshire

This week I have been unpacking the displays from our very successful event in Thame for the Festival of Archaeology. We had 400 visitors come and visit us and our Joint Venture partners Cotswold Archaeology, who we excavated a large site in Thame with in 2015. It was here we found a previously unknown neolithic Causewayed Enclosure and some fantastic early neolithic pottery. We also found evidence for iron age weaving. A decorated bone comb, a bone gouge for making holes in cloth or leather and a polished bone toggle, were among the finds from this period on display. Alongside these we also had evidence for weaving from the Roman and Saxon periods. The Saxon spindle whorls and a complete loom weight from the sunken featured building were a highlight. My favourite find is the bone toggle as it looks like it could have come off a duffel coat today and so much work has gone into making it.

Two children in replica Roman costume smiling

An Oxford Archaeology Roman activity day

Today I have been preparing for our next event in the middle of August. It is ‘Potty about the Romans!’ Family Day with the Museum of Oxford. Since our Westgate Pop Up Museum was hosted by them this spring, we have joined together to host this event and one for the Oxfordshire Science Festival at the end of June. It was hugely enjoyable welcoming the public to see our specialists in science and 3D modelling and environmental archaeology and to learn about the application of science in our understanding of finds. This time we will be looking at Roman life in Oxfordshire through the finds from our sites. There will be a chance to handle some objects and we will have information about some significant discoveries we have made at sites such as Gill Mill and the Bicester to Oxford Rail Improvement Scheme. I have spoken to many of our Post Excavation specialists as they see all the finds from the sites and can pick out some fantastic standout items. They also provide summary information about the finds for me as they produce the detailed report for the site publication. All our displays involve a high level of research behind the scenes so we can show finds and tell as accurate a story as possible about the site, often a long time in advance of the final analysis and publication. I have also been familiarising myself with the Roman games and activities we have in store for the families that come along on the day.

This has been my Day in Archaeology for 2016.

Becky Peacock is a Project Officer at Oxford Archaeology’s South office in Oxford. For more information about Oxford Archaeology and our award-winning project at Westgate Oxford, visit our website: http://oxfordarchaeology.com/community/westgate-excavations

Conan Parsons: A Day in the Life of a Geomatics Project Officer

7:30am I’m normally at the office by now, with my first cup of coffee, but there’s some roadworks on the road around the corner from the office, so we’ve taken a detour to avoid the hideous congestion. I’m sharing a ride from Faringdon with my partner Charles and Gary the GIS expert – more people are living out of Oxford as it’s so expensive, on archaeology wages if you don’t want to house share any more then you’ll have a hard time staying in the city.

7:45am I load up my unit vehicle, today it’s a little Skoda Fabia, my PPE (Personal Protective Equipment) is already in the boot from yesterday, I just needed to get the GPS out of it’s locker. I don’t put my coffee down while I’m loading, it’s a morning ritual I’ve developed when getting ready to go to site. As I drive out of the estate I’m going away from all the congestion and traffic, so it only takes me 30 minutes to get to site near Dorchester-on-Thames

8:15am I put my work boots on and assemble the GPS, I’m here to finish marking out some trenches that I started on Monday. I couldn’t get access to part of the site until today, as there were electric fence issues. I create a new job on the GPS and select which trench I want to mark out and head on over.

Here I bump in to the land owner who’s got some concerns about where trenches are going and wants to know how long it’ll be until the excavator is in the field where her horses are now. The supervisor is at the dentist so I ring the site technician who’s over with the machine, to try and find out for her. He claims ignorance of details above his pay grade, I jovially scold him and between us we come up with an estimate of time scales for the land owner, which she seems happy with.

A close-up image of a brown foal with black hair next to GPS equipment.

A friendly foal I find in the field.

8:40am I’m now marking out the trenches with the GPS, putting a yellow flag at each end. A foal comes over to me and starts sniffing me while I’m working, the whiskers tickle quite a lot so I can’t help giggling, which attracts the other horses, that are all curious why I’m in their field. Luckily they don’t eat my flags.

915am I let the technician know that I’ve finished, and that I’m off site, checking he doesn’t need anything else from me while I’m there. Back to Oxford! It takes me longer than usual, there’s still that pesky roadwork problem!

10:am I’ve unloaded the car and put GPS batteries on charge. I notice one of the batteries hasn’t charged properly again (I had previously flagged it up for checking last time it failed). I give it to my boss and ask him to order a replacement. He’s getting a growing pile of dead batteries now, as they get worn out after a while! I grab another coffee and tell Charles I’m back in the office after popping myself in on the in/out board

10:20am I need to process my job to get the information in to CAD, one of our supervisors has also done some survey and uploaded his data to our server, so I decide to process that as well while I’m using the same software. When I’ve processed my stakeout data I send a list of trench altitudes to the site supervisor, so that he can use a dumpy level on his trenches to work out heights. Wh7en I’ve processed the other job I make a PDF of a plan and send it to the supervisor so he can see what his site looks like, I also put some hard copies in his pigeon hole.

While this is all going on I’m having issues with the IT department: They’ve just got a new server up and running and I need them to put our specialised photogrammetry PC on to it before I start any jobs later. Also I have to put paper in the printer and tidy up the print area: People sometimes print things and then don’t pick them up/forget them. Sometimes this happens when the printer runs out of paper and jobs just queue up until some one actually puts paper in.

11:45am I’ve got some polecam photos to put through the photogrammetry machine, they’re from our site in Somerset which is over a Roman villa. I’ve previously processed a mosaic from the site, now some of the cobbled surfaces are being done. Polecams give a good vantage point and the photogrammetry software can stitch the photos together to make an orthometric photo (or ortho-photo for short), which we can put to scale on a CAD drawing. One of the parts of site comes out fine and I send this over to the site PO (Project Officer) so that she can put it on her CAD drawing for a birds eye view of the cobbles. The two other parts are awaiting her survey information so that I can locate it spatially and scale it.

Then I have to help one of the IT guys find the equipment cage for Somerset, as he’s just finished processing the site backup disk (so that if anything happens to the site laptop we still have the most current data.)

12:12pm The supervisor from Aylesbury has rang me after receiving his site PDF, and given me some feedback about what needs changing on the plan after a re-inspection of the site. We agree on the changes and then I update and resend the drawing.

12:30pm I grab another coffee and steal a cigarette off of a project manager (who’s also given up smoking), we’ve got some history together and we get on well, so I don’t feel bad about asking, and he doesn’t mind my company. I’ve got a good working relationship with most of the managers actually, which is useful when negotiating things on site or on the computer (such as time limits, working practises etc.)

12:40pm I have 3 outstanding skeletons to process from one of our other sites: We’re also using photogrammetry to make ortho-photos of burials now. This site has had a lot of grave goods, and some the photos look amazing, showing the context of the finds in great detail. After a half hour lunch break and when I’ve finished processing the photos I ask Gary if he needs the photogrammetry machine for anything, he says “no” so I shut it down.

A detailed overhead photograph of a skeleton in a cut grave.

One of the ortho-photos I processed. An ortho-photo is a uniform-scale overhead photograph.

2:15pm I load up the 3 new ortho-photos in to the site CAD drawing, trace around the shape of the grave cuts, draw a stick man in the pose/position of each skellie and digitise any grave goods (like necklaces, swords, seaxes, the usual). I save the drawing – The project manager for the site is on holiday this week, but I know that as soon as he gets back on Monday he will go straight to the drawing and have a look at the progress, he won’t be expecting the stick men in the graves but he’ll appreciate it. It will be a good drawing to send off to the client and county archaeologist as a progress report. I was a bit engrossed and my coffee went cold, so I get another.

2:30pm Our graphics team have been a bit low on work, so one of the illustrators is digitising Bexhill for me, as I don’t have time and the other surveyors are in the field. I’ve been asked by his manager, Magda, to check on his work and make sure the drawing is all OK thus far. I have a good look through, checking for valid geometry and that data is attached. It’s 99% good work, and after discovering he’s already gone home when I go to give my feedback, I send him an email, copying in his manager, about what he’s done well and what could be better. I’m happy it’s going smoothly, as it’s a big project he’s digitising.

3:15pm I load up a CAD drawing from Didcot that I’ve been digitising myself in between projects. It’s a very quiet afternoon and I’m left to it with no interruptions, I’ve been lucky this week as a few managers are on holiday and as such I’ve had few interruptions to my already busy schedule!

4:00pm I go and talk to Stuart, our drone pilot at OA South, we’re off out early tomorrow and I’m his flight assistant. I confirm with him what time we’re going out tomorrow and then round up the guys ready for the drive home.

I hope those road works are finished.

Conan Parsons is a Geomatics Project Officer at Oxford Archaeology’s South office in Oxford. For more information about Oxford Archaeology and our specialist geomatics services, visit our website: http://oxfordarchaeology.com/professional-services/specialist-services/16-oxford-archaeologys-services/fieldwork/21-geomatics

Clemency Cooper: Joining the Community at Oxford Archaeology

Oxford Archaeology is a registered educational charity with a long history of instigating and participating in public archaeology, and I have a new role at the company as their Community Archaeology Manager – today marks the end of my seventh week! I’m based at OA’s East office in Bar Hill, just outside Cambridge. I’ve been liaising with my colleagues, and fellow communications ‘champions’, Ed in our South office and Adam in our North office, to coax and coerce our colleagues to join in with the Day of Archaeology. I think this is a great opportunity to capture the work that we do and share it online to give people a snapshot of what goes on behind-the-scenes at a national commercial archaeological unit like Oxford Archaeology. Charlotte, one of our illustrators at OAE, designed some very fetching posters to advertise the campaign in-house and you can read her Day of Archaeology blog post here. If you’re interested in learning more about archaeological illustration, make sure to check out the live tweets from the graphics department in our Oxford office today on our Twitter account here using the hastags #graphix #dayofarch

Close up of posters, mug and keyboard

Posters advertising the Day of Archaeology at Oxford Archaeology

In between the steady stream of emails today, I’ve been kept busy uploading the text and photos from the blog submissions I’ve received from my colleagues. I first started blogging five years ago and I think it’s a good medium for quick site updates and event promotion, interacting with readers and sharing content across different platforms.

Besides the blogging, I’ve also been making arrangements to loan out survey equipment to community groups in Cambridgeshire as part of the Heritage Lottery Funded project, Jigsaw. The Fen Edge Archaeology Group recently finished their geophysical survey, and the Covington History Group and the Warboys Archaeology Project are also conducting magnetometry and resistivity surveys during the next couple of weeks – harvesting permitting!

I’ve also been working on the deployment schedule for our volunteers for next few weeks. It’s really gratifying to be able to offer people the chance to take part in excavations alongside our field staff. We have some very enthusiastic and experienced volunteers who return year after year, as well as a steady of new volunteers interested in fulfilling a life-long ambition to take part in an archaeological dig, or looking to develop the skills and experience for a career in the field. In fact, one of our volunteers has just been accepted onto the Oxford Archaeology graduate trainee scheme and she came into the office for her induction today.

I hope you enjoy exploring the posts from Oxford Archaeology this year, and that they give you a taster of the different work going on across our offices. You can read them all here.

Clemency Cooper is the Community Archaeology Manager for Oxford Archaeology, based at their East office in Cambridge. For more information about Oxford Archaeology and our work with community groups and schools, visit our website: http://oxfordarchaeology.com/community