Kate Brady: Post-Excavation and Photography

My name is Kate Brady and I am a Project Officer in the Post-Excavation (PX) department at Oxford Archaeology.

My job varies greatly from day to day (one of the reasons I enjoy it so much). Hopefully this blog post will give you a flavour of what I do on a typical day.

Thursday 28th July 2016


After coffee and emails my first task is always to plan how I will complete my task for the day I have four ongoing projects at the moment and I am also in charge of photography at the unit so at the moment I have several things to keep track of.

People at their desks at work

Some of my colleagues in the PX department at Oxford Archaeology South, Oxford.

9.30am – 11.30am

This morning I am writing the discussion section for the report on excavations at Brasenose College in Oxford. The site revealed evidence of the use of the site before the construction of the current College building so I have been consulting maps and documents to match up our evidence from plans and section drawings of the site and the pottery we collected, dated by our in-house specialist John Cotter, with the documented use of the site. Because the pottery is in several cases dateable to the space of a few decades, and the development of the site in the post-medieval period is fairly well documented, I can piece together this evidence to tell a story of how the site developed. Having said that, there are still a few questions, such as why was there such a large dump of German drinking vessels recovered? John and I discuss some ideas about this and I think about how I’m going to present the possible explanations in my report. When I’m formulating the discussion of a report like this I usually print out site plans and maps and scribble all over them. Although we now routinely use CAD and GIS to overlay site plans on maps and analyse our data, I still often use this old fashioned method initially as I find it helps clarify my ideas as I’m thinking them through. The results of these scribbles will later be presented in a much more professional way, you’ll be pleased to hear.

Plans, ruler, keyboard and pen on a desk

My desk!


Several of my Colleagues in PX are specialists in certain categories of finds and John Cotter, who sits just along from me often shows me particularly interesting things that come in for him to look at. John is a specialist in medieval and post-medieval pottery and also clay tobacco pipes, and I’ve learnt a lot just sitting nearby. Today a complete medieval crucible was brought back from one of our sites in Oxford. The project manager has asked for a spot-date. John says he thinks it is 12th century in date and the best example every found in Oxford. I always feel so lucky to get to see all these things as they come in.

Hands holding a 12th Century crucible

A 12th Century crucible

11.30am- 1pm

I continued with my discussion writing for the rest of the morning, occasionally answering questions about what cameras are available for use on upcoming sites and about plans for me to go out and photograph sites next week. We have lots of sites on at the moment so I’m busy in that respect.

1.30pm – 3pm

For the first part of this afternoon the PX department gathered together for a departmental meeting which we usually have bi-monthly to keep us all informed of what work we will be doing next and what projects are now moving into the PX phase. I found out I’ll be working on the report for a Roman site we excavated in Aylesbury and that a monograph I co-wrote on a project we completed in Bristol will soon be published. My programme is full for the rest of the year so I’m happy that I’ll be kept busy.

3 pm – 4pm

After the meeting I retreat to the photography room we’ve set up to photograph some medieval tiles we recovered from the Westgate Centre development in the centre of Oxford. Most of my photography work at OA is on site but I also occasionally undertake finds photography and enjoy getting to handle the finds and work out the best way to photograph them.

For the last part of the day I continued with the discussion text I was writing earlier. Late in the day is often a good time to write as the office is emptier and quieter and I can get lost in what I’m doing without being disturbed. However, a nice distraction arrives before I’m about to leave at 5pm, the latest edition of our in-house newsletter is ready and one of my photos is on the cover!

A hand holding a magazine

My photo from the Westgate excavation on the cover of the latest edition of the in-house newsletter

Kate Brady is a Project Officer at Oxford Archaeology’s South office in Oxford. For more information about Oxford Archaeology and our publications, visit our website:

Relevés topographiques en Île-de-France

Bonjour, je suis Pascal Raymond, topographe à l’Inrap . Pour ce « Day of archaeology », je souhaite vous partager un peu de mon quotidien en vous relatant une de mes journées de travail.

Mardi 26 juillet 2016, départ 6 h 30 pour une journée de relevé topographique sur deux opérations de fouille en Seine-et-Marne. Je remplace deux collègues partis en congé en juillet.
J’interviens d’abord sur un site situé dans la commune de Mouroux, qui présente une concentration d’enclos funéraires de la fin de l’âge du Fer. Cette opération commencée début juin se termine à la fin de la semaine. En fin de chantier le temps est précieux. On discute de la stratégie d’enregistrement avec l’équipe en concluant qu’une grande coupe et certaines structures seront relevées par photogrammétrie.

Le chantier est très propre, pas de tas de terre volumineux, pas de circulation d’engins, je peux donc positionner le théodolite au milieu du décapage. Le résultat de la mise en station est correct. La responsable de l’opération commence à arpenter le terrain.
On implante alors des axes horizontaux, on lève les points d’axe de coupe et des points de calage pour des relevés par photogrammétrie.

Vue du décapage et des enclos funéraires de Mouroux © Pascal Raymond, Inrap

Vue du décapage et des enclos funéraires de Mouroux © Pascal Raymond, Inrap

10 h, c’est la pause café. Le soleil commence à chauffer. L’équipe se regroupe autour des thermos pour refaire le monde. On râle, on plaisante beaucoup et on parle aussi des vacances. Après cette pause, le soleil est assez haut et quelques petits nuages permettent les prises de vue.

En fin de matinée, les relevés sont terminés, direction le chantier à Lagny-sur-Marne.
La fouille a commencé début juillet. C’est un site urbain, médiéval et moderne. Je retrouve mes collègues vers midi et demi. J’avale un jambon-beurre vite fait et visite le chantier pour organiser le travail. Mon intervention doit permettre d’enregistrer le premier niveau de décapage. La responsable d’opération souhaite obtenir une ortho-photo et un modèle numérique de terrain pour travailler sur SIG. La zone à relever par photogrammétrie occupe 1500 m². Je place des points de calage pendant que l’équipe débâche les niveaux de sol qui avaient été protégés. Le terrain est propre et riche en informations. Je fais 350 photos avec un fort taux de recouvrement pour la photogrammétrie. Après vérification des données recueillies, on programme les futures interventions et je rentre au bureau.

Vue du secteur 1 du site des tanneurs à Lagny-sur-Marne © Pascal Raymond, Inrap

Vue du secteur 1 du site des tanneurs à Lagny-sur-Marne © Pascal Raymond, Inrap

Arrivé au centre archéologique de La Courneuve vers 14h30, je lance la correction des données GPS. J’importe les points topographiques et classe les photos prises sur les deux chantiers. Je lance trois calculs photogrammétriques du chantier de Mouroux et celui, plus large, de Lagny. L’ordinateur est alors totalement pris pour ces opérations.

Traitement numérique de l’ortho-image du décapage de Mouroux © Pascal Raymond, Inrap

Traitement numérique de l’ortho-image du décapage de Mouroux © Pascal Raymond, Inrap

En attendant les premiers résultats, j’aide mon collègue de bureau à modifier un cerf-volant pour qu’il rentre dans une valise.  Il doit partir la semaine prochaine en mission de prospection en Guyane et aura besoin de faire des photos aériennes. Après ce petit bricolage, l’ordinateur est toujours occupé. Je finis alors cette journée en nettoyant le moulage d’une sépulture réalisé pour le musée Carnavalet.

Mon bureau et moi © Inrap

Mon bureau et moi © Inrap

La journée fut bien remplie. Je repars avec trois jours de traitement des données. J’ai parcouru 250 km, ce qui ne veut pas dire grand-chose en Île-de-France puisqu’on compte plutôt en temps de bouchons. Mais là, c’est l’été, alors c’était une bonne journée.

Pascal Raymond

From earth to light: photographic and documentary revelations

Hello ! My name is Emilie Trébuchet and I’ve been an archivist with Inrap for 7 years. Before that I was an archaeologist, also with Inrap, and I directed several operations. After ten years of fieldwork in many different places, searching for new knowledge and perspectives, I felt a need to return to my early interests (books, writing, images, and documentation). I thus have a double education, as an archaeologist and archivist, specializing in images. My work day revolves around these two disciplines, which I find amazing and would like to share with you. My perspective as an archaeologist influences my perception of the archives, and vice versa.

The archaeology of photographic archives

And today, 13 May 2015, happens to be a very special day: it is the inauguration of the exhibit “Dans l’oeil du viseur. Pictures revealing archaeology” at the Saint-Raymond museum in Toulouse, of which I am the scientific curator.
This exhibit, and its catalog, is the outcome of an internship I did at the municipal archives bureau of Toulouse, as part of my Master 2 Professional degree “Archives and Images”, which I realized in 2010-2011 in Toulouse (Université du Mirail, Educational leave funded by Inrap). It is the result of an intensive search for images of archaeology over a 3 month period in the ancient photograph collection of Toulouse: this work involved research, analysis and the processing and valorization of archival documents, which was just as exciting as an archaeological operation. It was also an unforgettable adventure which will be continued through various projects in progress.

An exhibit space. ©J.F. Peiré

The exhibit space. ©J.F. Peiré

Example of a photograph displayed and showing, in 1869, a last pile of the Daurade bridge in Toulouse, shortly before its destruction (1875). © Municipal Archives of Toulouse

Example of a photograph displayed and showing, in 1869, a last pile of the Daurade bridge in Toulouse, shortly before its destruction (1875). © Municipal Archives of Toulouse

The inauguration was an opportunity to thank the museum (Cl. Jacquet on the left, general curator of the exhibit, and me), the Municipal Archives of Toulouse and Inrap. The speeches were followed by a guided visit of the exhibit and a reception. © M. Dayrens

The inauguration was an opportunity to thank the museum (Cl. Jacquet on the left, general curator of the exhibit, and me), the Municipal Archives of Toulouse and Inrap. The speeches were followed by a guided visit of the exhibit and a reception. © M. Dayrens

Archives of archaeology

Archival management is the work of a team, at Inrap made up of 13 agents, distributed (répartis) among different archaeological centers across France. Since I find the French grammatical rule of gender ridiculous, I am going to write “réparties” (the feminine form of “distributed”) since we are 12 women out of 13! We would like to have a louder voice, and to be more numerous because:
– the production of documents and data continues to grow and constitutes the heart of the activity of archaeologists,
– the sources of information are multiplying,
– new technologies continually transform our profession.

My typical day as an archivist at the Inrap bureau in Tours is filled with many tasks, and discussions as well. When I arrive at the office in the morning, I take a look at the new documents to be catalogued, I greet my colleagues and answer their questions, and ensure that the documentation center can welcome them. My main task is in effect to manage the archival documents and facilitate their access to archaeologists: in our on-line document catalog, Dolia, we continually announce the new publications acquired, as well as the reports produced by archaeologists – an exceptional resource for research! For the past two years, I have also been very interested in the digital records of excavation and its archiving. There is a lot to do…

The Inrap documentation center in Tours © G. Babin, intern at Inrap

The Inrap documentation center in Tours © G. Babin, intern at Inrap

The reports © G. Babin, intern at Inrap

The reports
© G. Babin, intern at Inrap

My days can be filled with many other priorities as well: locating information for archaeological operations, developing tools (synthesis, curation, information transmission, etc.), education, intern training, student orientation, meetings, orders, etc. I also communicate regularly with archivists in other structures.

This profession, which requires continual evolution and is situated at the interface of other professions (AST, archaeologists, CAD-CAM, research and development, etc. at Inrap), is very interesting, even if is sometimes a battle to make its importance known. It amuses me to think that archivists are sometimes perceived as archives themselves: they represent the memory of activities and are regularly consulted. We never really know how to use them, nor what purpose they will serve, but we know that one day they will become indispensable…

Emilie Trébuchet, Inrap archivist and archaeologist, UMR 7324

A view from above: aerial photography at Portus

This year’s Day of Archaeology coincides with the final day of the 2014 Portus Project field school excavations. This is the second year that the University of Southampton ( and the British School at Rome have run this training course for students from throughout the world. What brings us together is our interest in the maritime trade of Rome in the Mediterranean, the hub of which was the Imperial port of Rome, now a few kilometres inland from the coastline next to Rome’s international airport at Fiumicino.

The final day of excavation for the students was all about recording and checking excavation documentation, as there always seems to be 1 or 2 outstanding context sheets, however hard you try! My role within the project is to support the excavation through surveying, for which we use a range of techniques.

One recording technique that has become fundamental to the excavation, due to its size and complexity, is low level aerial photography. This Friday we were using a cherry picker in order to take oblique photographs of the excavation as well as vertical photographs, both of which are fundamental for standard recording as well as photogrammetry.

Portus Project Cherry Picker photography

Simon Keay (Portus Project Director) and Renato Sebastiani (Soprintendenza Speciale per i Beni Archeologici di Roma) viewing the 2014 excavations from a cherry picker

We’ve been using a range of photographic techniques on site this season (see James Milespost. As the project was running an online MOOC at the same time as the excavation, we’ve tried to help participants by providing located 360 panoramic photographs (using a Motrr).

Aerial Photograph using a Motrr

Panoramic aerial photograph of 2014 Portus Project Excavations (taken using a Motrr)

One area that we are exploring is regular low level site photography using a drone. We’re now using a DJI Innovations S800 Spreading Wings for our photography, mounted with a Sony DS-HSX300.

Portus Project DJI Innovations drone

The DJI Innovations Spreading Wings S800 being used to record the Opus Spicatum floor of the Palazzo Imperiale

We’ll be do more recording this forthcoming week, using the drone to photograph the new findings in the shipyard and the Imperial Palace.

OsservArcheologiA and my “daily devotion” – Day of Archaeology 2014

I’m Mariapia Statile and I’m an archaeologist. Thanks to Day of Archaeology I will tell you a little bit more about me and especially my disclosure archaeological project that is the fixed lens of my day: I call it my “daily devotion”.

I introduce myself. After finishing my artistic studies, I decided to enroll at the Second University of Naples, where I earned a degree in Cultural Heritage, discussing a thesis in Aerotopografia Archaeological, then I took the Master’s Degree in Archaeology with a thesis degree in Ancient Topography. Later on I obtained a Diploma from the School of Specialization in Archaeological at Second University of Naples, Santa Maria Capua Vetere – University of Naples “Suor Orsola Benincasa”, with a diploma thesis about Restoration of archaeological.

During the university studies i have undertaken work activities, study and research, accompanied by internships and training courses concerning the Aerial Photography Methodology applied to archaeological research, the Ancient Topography and Aerotopografic archaeological, Restoration and Conservation of Cultural Heritage, Methodologies vectorization of the documentation and coding functional to presentation, dissemination and publication, together with scientific collaborations with museum exhibition, catalogs with storage, processing and computerization of graphic and photographic documentation, archaeological survey of the structures, analysis and investigation through software graphics processing, as well as participation in various campaigns of archaeological excavation.  Also, I have carried out studies and research with production of specific papers; guidance and illustration of sites and monuments of historical, artistic and archaeological interest. In addition, I had a teaching experience as an external expert in high school. In addition, I am a member of the Italian Confederation of Archaeologists.

This has always been first and foremost a passion that is reflected in the continuous and constant communication, dissemination and promotion of cultural heritage.

My personal path gives the mark to my own project which is called  OsservArcheologiA : it is to “observe” the archeology through the image, so that we can know the importance of what surrounds us and at the same time understand, appreciate, preserve and enhance what we have, becoming aware of our membership with our cultural environment, as good of all.

The structure of this project has been conceived with the aim to convey the immense archaeological, artistic, historic, cultural, national and international level through photographs and historical images, with particular attention to references and cultural events. To obtain this goal is given the opportunity to collaborate to all those who are interested, whether in the field or simply amateurs; OsservArcheologiA can evolve over time thus. It’s basic concept is disclosed by the observation that, in turn, the project itself creates individual interpretation: a dowel that together with the others, leads to the specific meaning of visual exploration: everyone will have the opportunity to observe, learn and discover with their own eyes, and through those of others, the preciousness of culture.

It is an idea that arises due to my training and constant passion for knowledge, history, photography and graphics with special interest in communication and cultural dissemination in the field of history and archeology.

The archaeologist has a duty to pass on his knowledge to offer it to others, knowing the history we know ourselves. Research, Valuation, Exploitation and Dissemination of culture are the goals of the archaeologist in his daily working process.

Mariapia Statile

photo by ©mariapiastatile                                                                                           “I am not especially talented, I am just deeply curious”                                                                                         (Albert Einstein)





A Day on the Ground for an Aerial Archaeology Project

APAAMEHello from the Research Assistant for the Aerial Photographic Archive for Archaeology in the Middle East. To save my time and yours, we just call it APAAME. We are perhaps best known for the Aerial Archaeology in Jordan Project which has conducted a season of aerial reconnaissance in Jordan from a helicopter every year since 1997. Day of Archaeology has not caught us in the air however, but in the office.

I am writing this from our new office in New Barnett House on Little Clarendon St in Oxford. We are in the process of moving our entire archive to Oxford University from the University of Western Australia. Our large map collection is in mail tubes, and our complete collection of Hunting Aerial Survey diapositives of Jordan from 1953 are in 7 boxes against the wall, but the slides and printed photographs are unpacked – we just haven’t got shelving for them yet!

Fortunately, the majority of our collection is already digitised, and that is what I will be working with for the most of today. Glamorous I know – but flying in a helicopter taking thousands of photographs of archaeological sites for a month a year, and delving through archives to investigate collections with aerial photographs of the Middle East, leaves quite a bit of follow up work.

I have not even finished my first cup of coffee for the day and already I am fighting with Flickr. We use Flickr to host are on-line photographic database ( Flickr was chosen because it is relatively cheap and extremely accessible medium to host our ever-increasing archive. We have recently decided to upload our images with their full geo-referencing information, and so I am going through the backlog of updating around 61,000 images on Flickr with their geo-tags. I have to batch edit these photographs in Flickr, which is fine except the interface Flickr uses doesn’t seem to cope with handling too many images at once. *sigh* I’ll just get myself a cup of tea … Meanwhile, in the background, I have Adobe Light room where we catalogue all of our images updating the metadata in Flickr.

Why am I geo-tagging our Flickr images? Traditionally, you would search for a location by place-name, but this is extremely difficult for the Middle East due to variations in place names and transliteration from Arabic to English, let alone to other languages such as French and German. (The Graeco-Roman city of Gerasa – for example, has appeared (so far) with 13 different spellings of its ancient and modern name in various languages). If you know where a place is located on a map however, you can simply go to the map interface ( and zoom in on the area of interest, and you will see whether we have any geo-tagged photographs for that area and what site reference we are using. Alternatively, if you have found a site of particular interest on our archive but don’t know where it is, you can open the map interface and see its location on a map.

While I am working over in one corner of our office tackling the everyday issues of managing a digital archive, Professor David Kennedy is in the other using the archive as part of his ongoing research. The digitisation of our archive has opened up an increasing amount of time that can be dedicated to analysis and research, and has meant an increasing output of publications. Currently David is researching the Hinterland of Roman Philadelphia, which involves the search for historical photography, maps and early explorers accounts of a landscape that is now largely built over. He is putting the final touches to a lecture inspired by this ongoing research that will be delivered at the ARAM conference on ‘The Decapolis’ at Oxford University’s Oriental Institute on Monday: ‘Brünnow and von Domaszewski in the Jordanian Decapolis’. The research for this lecture involved time spent in Princeton earlier this year where the photographic archive of Brünnow and von Domaszewski is held.

Now that I seem to have Flickr happily batch organising my geo-tagged items to be accessible to anyone, I am doing a bit of research on Content Management Systems and digital archaeology projects. APAAME is looking to evolve the way in which we manage our content and related data, but exactly what system we implement for what purpose is currently under investigation. Everyone has their areas of expertise, and so we are contacting those that have computer database, data mining and CMS operating know-how that might have some good advice for us. I am also keeping an eye on our twitter feed, that is particularly active today with everyone’s #dayofarch posts, as well as updating our blog with info about our new publication.

So that is what APAAME were up to on this day, 26 July 2013.
If you would like to contact us or keep in touch– please feel free to use one of the following methods
Twitter: @APAAME
Flickr archive:

Susan Hamilton (RCAHMS) – Dundee

Susan Hamilton, RCAHMS

Susan Hamilton, RCAHMS

Dundee ‘Contains Ordnance Survey data © Crown copyright and database right 2011’

Dundee ‘Contains Ordnance Survey data © Crown copyright and database right 2011’

Spotting Dundee

My very first role at RCAHMS, back in 2000, was a short-term contract in the Collections team.  It was a wonderful job for a brand new archaeology graduate, as I got to know the Commission’s collections; not just the archaeological archives and photographs that I was already vaguely familiar with, but also the huge range of architectural material, and the massive aerial photographic collections.

Working with aerial photography took up much of my time in my first few months. RCAHMS holds a lot of early aerial photography, including surveys of Scotland undertaken in the years following the Second World War, when RAF pilots who had been undertaking overseas reconnaissance missions took part in Operation Revue. This provided detailed domestic photographic coverage for use by the Ordnance Survey in mapping, and also helped guide post-war reconstruction.

Hilltown, Dundee, showing the distinctive rectangles of the football stadia towards the top right. 10 April 1946.

Hilltown, Dundee, showing the distinctive rectangles of the football stadia towards the top right. 10 April 1946. Copyright RCAHMS (NCAP Reference: 006-001-000-141-R)

This early aerial photography is of great use to archaeologists today as it pre-dates the large-scale plantings of the Forestry Commission, thus providing some of the only evidence of archaeological sites subsequently shrouded in tree cover.

Amongst other Collections Assistant tasks, one of my duties was to check through what must have amounted to miles of photographic negatives – the products of Operation Revue. In particular, I was looking for signs that cellulose nitrate film had been used.

Used until the 1950s for aerial photography, cellulose nitrate film can degrade over time and become volatile, releasing poisonous gases and catching fire easily.  The temperatures at which this can happen are relatively low – around 38 degrees centigrade, and although all the RCAHMS film canisters were stored in a secure, temperature-controlled store, it was very important to carry out a thorough check for this type of stock.

In the first round of checking, it was enough to open the tins one by one, and check for indications of cellulose nitrate film. A small number were found – the film having reacted with the metal canister to produce a distinctive brown powder and acrid smell. They were safely disposed of, the film having decomposed too much to be useable.

Once the initial fast checks were completed, I moved onto more general condition checking. Although the fast check had demonstrated that most of the film was of less hazardous types, research had shown that different types of film were often spliced together to create larger, continuous rolls, so there may still have been some cellulose nitrate lurking in the collection.

To carry out the condition checking, I loaded the spools of film onto a hand winder, and whirred through the negatives.

This is where Dundee comes into the story.

Oblique aerial view of Dundee, 1948, with original cropmarkings Copyright RCAHMS (NCAP Reference: 006-001-026-209-R)

Oblique aerial view of Dundee, 1948, with original cropmarkings Copyright RCAHMS (NCAP Reference: 006-001-026-209-R)

There were a lot of films to check, so I couldn’t spend a long time looking at images – although it was tempting.  It was difficult to make out much detail at first, as the risk to cellulose nitrate from any form of heat meant that the films couldn’t be viewed on a light box.  As an Edinburgh native, I could occasionally make out the regular streets of the New Town, but other than that I was surprised and frustrated at how little I could identify.  However, as I began to get my ‘eye in’ I quickly noticed how certain features stood out, especially in smoke-filled, uniformly-arranged urban areas. As a football fan, my eye was often drawn to football pitches with their distinctive markings and I realised that the only city I could quickly identify as I was whirring across it was Dundee – because the two football clubs in that city have their stadia across the street from one another!  ‘Spotting Dundee’ became a game I played whenever the task became a little tedious, and I also began to regularly recognise the sinuous paths up Dundee Law.

image of oblique aerial view centred on the S part of the prefab estate, taken from the NE. Copyright RCAHMS (SC1111732)

image of oblique aerial view centred on the S part of the prefab estate, taken from the NE. Copyright RCAHMS (SC1111732)

Once I recognised Dundee, I could also make out some of the nearby coastal towns in Angus, and this led to my best discovery – an incredible moment-in-time shot of prefabricated housing being delivered and constructed in Arbroath.  The image seems to have been taken from a much lower height than others – I like to think the pilot was going in for a closer look! Since that first contract, I’ve been lucky enough to have a range of posts at RCAHMS, but I will always have great memories of that first job and introduction to aerial photography.

This is what I’ve chosen for Day of Archaeology, but why not tell us your favourite archaeological sites in Scotland on Twitter using #MyArchaeology.




Robert Adam RCAHMS Day of Archaeology

My name is Robert Adam and I am an Aerial Photographer with the RCAHMS and part of my photographic duties are to record photographically archaeological and architectural sites from the air and on the ground. In 2007, I accompanied a survey team to record sites in the Yarrows area of Sutherland and The Grey Cairns Of Camster was one of the many sites I was assigned to photograph.
I was lucky enough to accompany my colleagues to the Yarrows area a few years ago as part of an archeological survey team in 2007. One of the many sites I photographed, the Grey Cairns Of Camster stand out. Not only are they constructed beautifully, it is amazing that they have stood so long intact considering the desolate and remote area they are in. The weather for instance should have been a factor in their ruin. It was a tight squeeze to get in and quite difficult to light and photograph it to show of the fine features. I am no archaeologist, but it was a highlight of my field work trip to photograph the two cairns and learn about their history from my colleagues.