Royal Ontario Museum

Artifacts from Urban Sites

In 2009 and 2010, the Public Archaeology Facility conducted intensive excavations in downtown Binghamton, at what is now the Binghamton Intermodal Transportation Terminal.

Project area of the Binghamton Intermodal Transportation Terminal.


The Greyhound station in Binghamton ws built in 1938 and is National Register Eligible. The facade of the station was preserved and is still visible today, although the building behind it is new.

In 1938, a Greyhound Bus terminal was built over the remains of a block of buildings dating from the late-19th and early- 20th centuries. Asphalt parking lots covered the site.

When the city of Binghamton wanted to update and renovate their bus terminals, and turn them into the Binghamton Intermodal Transportation Terminal, archaeologists from PAF were brought on site to investigate the archaeological remains that were to be disturbed. Archaeologist Maria O’Donovan, PhD., led the team.

Excavating a privy from the BITT site.

Several features were uncovered during excavations, including privies. The artifacts from one of these privies are currently being analyzed in our laboratory. Today, lab assistant Erin G. carried on with the ongoing analysis of this project.

Artifacts excavated from one privy at the BITT Site are spread out on the lab tables.

Lab assistant, Erin G., researches and catalogs glass bottles from BITT.

Lab assistant, Erin G., researches and catalogs glass bottles from BITT. One of the more common artifacts were nursing bottles (above, center).

PAF has been doing a lot of urban archaeology in Binghamton, New York. Maria O’Donovan and our laboratory staff have spent several years working on the analysis of these sites in downtown Binghamton, such as BITT, and Binghamton Mall (which is now the location of the Binghamton Downtown Academic Center) . Today, Maria spent much of the morning doing research at the Broome County Clerk’s Office, to find out more about the people who lived at the BITT site from historic deed documents.

The results of another one of these large urban projects – the Binghamton Mall Site – was the basis of an exhibit on display at the Roberson Museum called “Our Invisible Past: The Archaeology of Everyday Life.” This exhibit was part of our efforts to bring the results of our excavations to the public.

Museum signage, displaying a daguerreotype excavated from the Binghamton Mall Site.

Some of the artifacts from this excavation are now on display at Binghamton University’s Downtown Academic Center, which was built over the site. In addition to displaying the artifacts, the locations of the features from the site were incorporated into the floor design in the new building; the exact location and size of the features were represented on the floor of the building’s lobby to give the public a way to conceptualize the layout of the site.

The green floor tiles represent the exact locations of features excavated at the Binghamton Downtown Academic Center Site.


Opening Day at National Museum of Scotland

I like to consider myself as a Heritage Management Consultant and sometimes even a Museum Designer. This morning for work (of course) I visited the Royal Museum which was just opened today by the National Museum of Scotland. The museum has been closed for about 3 years now and has been undergoing a £47 million renovation and reinterpretation. The important thing to say is that my firm Jura Consultants helped them with their redevelopment master-plan and supported them in their HLF bid for funding. Most projects that we’re involved in take quite a bit of time to come to fruition so it’s amazing to be able to see the designs you saw on paper become reality and experience the fruits of your labour.

And what a fantastic experience it is! There were thousands of people lining Chambers Street at 9am waiting for the doors to open. We had an animatronic T Rex, tribal drummers, aerial dancers abseiling from the roof, and fireworks. A great atmosphere indeed. The entrance has now been diverted from the main staircase to two street level entrances that lead into the undercroft. Here is a really spectacular and dramatic space. Once used for storage, the space has been converted into a visitor reception area that includes and information desk, cloak room, gift shop, toilets and a new Brasserie. From the dimly lit space, you then ascend into the light-filled Grand Gallery that seems almost like a birdcage with all the iron work. This is meant to be a ‘cabinet of curiosities’ that entices visitors with an array of different and wondrous objects. Beyond this space is an escalator that takes you up to the very top floor, allowing visitors to work their way down. This is an interesting feature and an important one as previous research found that only 5% of visitors made it beyond the ground floor. The other controversial move was to put the museum café on the first floor. But I think it’s one of those things that if you build it they will come.

It was quite clear that the animal gallery was the most popular. Jammed packed with people, prams and exotic animals. The incorporation of video screens with hanging oceanic creatures is quite something to behold. Other galleries include world cultures, design, nature inspired objects, Egyptians, sculpture, and decorative objects. I think the one thing that stands out is the lighting. It certainly adds to the atmosphere and creates distinctly different experiential areas. The colour scheme works really well too, using jewel tones to delineate thematic areas.

I think though, my favourite thing about today was observing the other patrons around me. One little boy asked why fish die, referring to a display in the animal galleries relating to environmental issues such as pollution, poaching etc. His mother responded with ‘because some people don’t recycle’. Another woman remarked about her disappointment with the Egyptians. ‘Liverpool has a mummy but there’s no mummy here.’ The same goes for the way people begin to use the space. We weren’t in the door 5 minutes and there were already people lined up for the café. There was a pram car park that started in one corner and people were sitting on display plinths and touching objects (hopefully this was the intention). I think what it reflects is that visitors are comfortable in the space, are able to read the space properly and that the museum has been a catalyst for conversation.

A truly great morning! I encourage everyone to make a trip themselves.