I’m David Rotenizer, site manager for the Grave Creek Mound Archaeological Complex (GCMAC) in Moundsville, West Virginia. This facility is situated in the northern panhandle of West Virginia, half way between Pittsburgh, PA and Columbus, OH. I have held the position just shy of four years. Archaeology has been important to me for most of my life since as least middle school, so we are looking at nearly four decades. I am passionate about archaeology and its contributions and value to society.
GCMAC is a seven acre archaeological park featuring the Grave Creek Mound. We are a historic site operated by the West Virginia Division of Culture and History. It is called a complex because we consist of three separate, but related components: mound, museum, and research facility. The Grave Creek Mound is one of the largest known conical earthen burial mounds associated with the Adena culture and has been dated to around 250 – 150 BCE. The mound was saved from destruction by concerned citizens and elected officials when it became a state property in 1909.
Aside from the large earthen mound, a focal point here is the Delf Norona Museum. This Brutalist architecture styled facility opened in 1978 and consists of 25,646 square feet. It features various exhibit galleries, an auditorium (currently being renovated), an activity room for educational programs, and a gift shop. Outside on the grounds is one of our newest “exhibits” – an interpretive garden.
Adjoining the museum is a 9,600 square foot addition completed in 2008 that houses the West Virginia Archaeological Research and Collections Management Facility. This state-of-the-art wing serves as West Virginia’s first official repository for archaeological collections.
We are open five days a week (Tue – Sat) and currently have a staff of five full time employees and are blessed with regular and occasional volunteers. Some of our volunteers come to us through RSVP (Retired Seniors Volunteer Program). We also work with volunteer student interns. The past two years, we have been the host site for community service learning volunteers from the Native American Studies Program at West Virginia University, which was supported by a West Virginia Humanities Council grant last month.
From a day-in-the-life perspective, I can truly state that no two days are the same! Rather than write out what happened during the Day of Archaeology 2013, I thought I might take a different approach. For the past two days, I walked around the complex with my camera to document a Day of Archaeology at the Grave Creek Mound Archaeological Complex.
Grave Creek Mound as viewed from the roof of the Delf Norona Museum.
View of Grave Creek Mound from within the Delf Norona Museum.
View within gallery of the Delf Norona Museum.
Accountant /Gift Shop Manager holding replica Adena pipe that is available for sale in gift shop.
Maintenance Supervisor must constantly observe climate controls for museum and research center to maintain acceptable temperature and humidity levels. Collections management program follows 36 CFR Part 79 – the federal curation guidelines.
View toward Interpretive Garden with museum in background to right.
Curators moving boxes from old collections. Eventually these will be rehoused into archival standard containers
Ohio University – Eastern Campus Intern viewing microfilm for early historic references to the Grave Creek Mound. Volunteers and interns are provided with a variety of learning opportunities.
During the evening before Day of Archaeology, we hosted an installment of the 2013 Lecture & Film Series. This month we had 28 in attendance. The series is into its fourth year.
View of archaeological lab from the public observation room. Image taken one month prior.
Recently labeled and processed Native American ceramic sherds. The facility has large backlog of old collections with materials requiring various levels of processing such as labeling and rehousing to archival standards.
During the day, our intern from Ohio University – Eastern Campus was viewing microfilm at the Moundsville Public Library for historic references to the mound. When I stopped by to check on him, I could not help but observe the front door to library – at upper right was a flyer for upcoming presentation to summer reading program by our facility’s educator. At bottom of door was large poster for the national summer reading program “Dig into Reading.” This all helped give special meaning to the day.
Program Educator standing next to the Interpretive Garden. This is the fourth year she has maintained the “living exhibit.”
On Day of Archaeology, contractors completed installation of new pipeline in auditorium that is undergoing renovation. The excavated trench had to be refilled with cement.
Example of items for sale in the gift shop.
For a very brief period, visitors to the complex were witness to an emergency scene. Someone walking down the street had experienced a seizure, but they were later determined to be ok. Never a dull moment!
At the end of the day on the Day of Archaeology, the bottom line for most of us is simply making our finds and discoveries available for future generations. Shown here are boxes of artifacts in the collections storage area – Grave Creek has 51 shelving units (each about 8m/26 ft long).