Traprain Law

Archaeo-archivists* unite!

*Archaeolivists? Archivaeologists? Neologise your own preferred term here.

I am one of four trained archaeologists currently working in the University of Glasgow Archive Services: two as researchers and two who also trained as proper archivists. I would be put out at not being the quirky, cool odd one out if I didn’t like my colleagues so much. In fact, the longer I work here, the more interdisciplinary intersections I see, from archaeologist colleagues visiting the archives to do research, to archivist colleagues who do archaeology.

Digging in the archives

For the Day of Archaeology 2015, I want to celebrate some of the particularly archaeological highlights that I have (sometimes literally) stumbled upon in the archival collections at the University of Glasgow.

I particularly like the oversize scrapbook of the Glasgow Archaeological Society. The correspondence and minutes of the society date back to 1866, but items in the scrapbook date to the 17th century.


Noted antiquarian Charles Whitelaw’s drawing of a sword found at Cathcart, Glasgow, in the scrapbook of the Glasgow Archaeological Society, (University of Glasgow Archives Reference: DC066/14/1).

The University Archive includes a collection of posters for past events, including lectures like A.O. Curle’s 1922 talk on Traprain Law. Curle was not just the excavator of some amazing sites, but also served as Secretary of the Royal Commission on Ancient and Historic Monuments of Scotland (1908-13), and the Director of the National Museum of Antiquities (1913-9)  – what would become today’s National Museum of Scotland – among other posts.

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Another highlight is the papers of Leslie Alcock, formerly Professor of Archaeology at the University of Glasgow and Honorary Keeper of the Archaeological and Anthropological Collections of the University’s Hunterian Museum. Alcock specialised in Early Historic Britain and the University Archives hold records on some of his excavations.


Reports from Alcock’s excavations of Dundurn, Perthshire, Scotland

It goes together like beer and archaeology

In addition to the various records of the day-to-day business of the University, as well as papers of past students and staff, the University of Glasgow Archives is home to the important business collections. My personal favourite is the Scottish Brewing Archive.

It is handy for finds research, like this bottle, uncovered by the Strathearn Environs and Royal Forteviot (SERF) Project, the University of Glasgow’s annual field school in Perthshire, Scotland.


WB Thomson Superior Waters Codd bottle

Thanks to the Scottish Brewing Archive (Newsletter No. 7, 1986), I learned that WB Thomson and other brewers struggled during the difficult economic conditions of the First World War: the company was liquidated and ceased to exist early in 1915, with its aerated water and bottling interests being bought out by Perth-based John Craik & Co. Suddenly a seemingly mundane artefact could be linked more widely to dramatic socio-economic events.

Perhaps the promise of discovery is what makes archaeologists and archivists such kindred spirits. In autumn of last year a student cataloguing project unearthed previously unseen photos of St Kilda, much to the delight of archaeologists at the University of Glasgow and the National Trust for Scotland. The photographs were snapped by Thomas Patterson, the first Gardiner Professor of Organic Chemistry at the University of Glasgow, while on holiday in the 1920s. The photos offer a glimpse of life on the island of Hirta before it was evacuated in 1930.

St Kilda

DC431/8/14 The St Kilda Post Office, photograph found in the personal papers of Thomas Patterson, the first Gardiner Professor of Organic Chemistry at the University of Glasgow.

Thus, the University of Glasgow archives are a vibrant source of research for a number of archaeological projects, from ground-breaking (excuse the pun) research into the history of Glasgow’s allotments, to the Heritage Lottery Funded project Digging In, which will recreate First World War trenches in Glasgow’s Pollok Park.

OTC trench Bowman notebook

Using a wealth of archival material like this photograph from the collection of the University of Glasgow Officers Training Corps (DC099/5) and the notebooks of AA Bowman (DC077), Digging In will compare how troops were prepared for trench warfare at home with data gathered by the Centre for Battlefield Archaeology on excavations of trenches on the Western Front to create a dynamic learning environment in the heart of Glasgow.

So for this year’s Day of Archaeology, I am enjoying being an archaeologist in the archives – discovering the past … just with less dirt.

Jen Novotny is an archaeologist employed as a Research Assistant in History who is based in the Archives at the University of Glasgow. She works on Glasgow University’s Great War, a WWI centenary project. Follow the project on Twitter @GlasgowUniWW1 and keep up to date on research via the project blog.

Lunch eaten… More PhD stuff!

Unfortunately the camera has died on me, I’m an idiot for forgetting the charger so no more pictures or videos :(.  So here is a bit of improvisation instead…

This is a digitised version of Broxmouth, the excavation archive I am working on.  There were three entrances, two visible on cropmarks but a third was discovered in the west, having been blocked up after a short period of use.  Seven houses were identified in the interior however there are the remains of several structures both underlying and overlying the inner ditch in the west.  There are also structures overying the infilled south-west entrance ditches as well as more ephemeral postholes, pits etc scattered between the houses.  There is also a cemetery to the north containing ten individuals to nine graves.  This is unusual for an Iron Age site and it was found by accident when a trench was initially put on the north side to investigate the ditches on that side.  The project is currently awaiting radiocarbon dates to help flesh out the stratigraphic sequence of the site but we have occupation evidence tentatively going back to the early Iron Age, if not the late Bronze Age and the latest date we have so far is post 400AD which shows this site has a long history!


Back to my actual day… In typical fashion I have moved onto something slightly different.  It is quite easy when you are this close to handing in for PhD fatigue to set in so to prevent too much procrastination and boredom, I am currently re-assessing my area size analysis.  I have a specific study area in East Lothian to investigate the later prehistoric settlement in the area, broadly contemporary with Broxmouth.  I measured all the internal areas of the enclosed sites (note: I don’t believe in the hillfort/enclosure division, not in this particular area!) and analysed the varying sizes according to their shape and number of ditches to see if there are any notable patterns.  Right now I am pondering over whether large single ditched enclosed sites could be comparable to the Wessex examples.  The Wessex Hillforts Project found that large, single ditched sites tended to be devoid of internal features (seen from geophysical surveys) therefore may have been meeting places or ceremonial sites as opposed to settlements.  However care has to be taken in comparing two wildly disparate geopraphical areas, and also the Wessex examples are several hectares in size.  My sites are no larger than a hectare (with the exeption of Traprain Law).  However, it could be a useful analogy!